A Pirate can be a pirate radio station, ie an unlicenced broadcasting station, or a DJ on such a station.
Pirate radio in the UK, USA and most of Europe is also known as free radio (preferred), unlicenced radio (neutral), illegal radio (derogotory). Offshore pirate radio is often simply known as offshore radio.
In some countries (mainly Third World countries, notably in Latin America), some pirates have been allied to guerrilla armies and possibly backed by other states. These stations are known as Clandestine radio stations. Famous Clandestine stations include the 1980s South African ANC backed pirate, Radio Freedom.
Some licenced stations have called themselves pirates. Examples include the Cornwall ILR Pirate FM, and the RSL project Pirates For Peace.
Some former pirate radio stations now have licences to broadcast legally. We refer to these as Ex-pirates.
There have even been a handful of Pirate TV stations over the years.
Pirate radio stations of the UK - by decade
From the 1970's;
London - Radio Jackie,Radio Star International,Radio Nelson, Radio Free London,Radio Odyssey,Radio Free Atlantis, Radio Columbia,Radio Anonymous,Radio Personality, Radio Tracy,Radio Carol,Radio Elektra,Radio 5.
From the 1980's:
London - Radio Floss,Celebration Radio,Radio City,Radio Jackie,Telstar One,Edge City Radio,North London Radio,Radio Amy.
West Midlands - Asian Radio Broadcasting of Birmingham , Enterprise FM of Birmingham , Exile FM of the Black Country , Freedom FM Dudley , Fresh FM Birmingham , Kiss FM Birmingham , Metro FM Birmingham , PCRL Radio of Birmingham , Power House Radio of the Black Country , Sangam Radio of Birmingham , Sangeet Radio of Birmingham , Skyline Wolverhampton , UK Radio of the Black Country
South Yorkshire - Radio Britannia , East End Radio of Sheffield , Inter City Radio , Ocean Sound of Rotherham , Rebel Radio of Rotherham , Solid Soul Radio of Conisborough, WLNG of Scunthorpe , ZFM of Sheffield
West Yorkshire - ABC Radio of Leeds , Lethal FM of Leeds , NLV of Keighley , Paradise City Radio of Bradford , Peoples fm of Leeds , Rapid FM of Leeds , Soundwaves of Bradford , Radio Veronica Bradford
From the 1990's:
West Midlands - Exile FM of the Black Country , Freedom FM Dudley , Laser FM of Birmingham , Magic FM Walsall , Metro FM Birmingham , PCRL Radio of Birmingham , Power House Radio of the Black Country , Sangam Radio of Birmingham , Sangeet Radio of Birmingham , Unity FM Birmingham
From the 2000's:
South Yorkshire - Bounce FM Sheffield
Pirate stations in the UK - by area
Pirate stations outside the UK
Eire (Republic of Ireland)
Voice Of Peace
There have also been several pirates broadcasting internationally, on Short Wave.